Alcoholic Liver Cirrhosis

Pain on the right side of the abdomen, pain area of red color

Challenges in diagnosis and management Liver cirrhosis refers to a condition whereby the liver is damaged with severe scarring, resulting in coarsening of the liver surface and shrinkage in size. Functions of the liver, which include production of albumin, metabolism of drugs, detoxification, clearing of bilirubin and glucose homeostasis will also be gradually affected. With […]



A cholecystectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the gallbladder. The gallbladder is a small pear-shaped organ located below the liver and its function is to store bile (a digestive fluid produced by the liver). It is not an essential organ for healthy digestion. Today, a cholecystectomy is one of the most commonly performed surgical […]

Robotics in Colorectal Surgery

Figure 1: Illustration of set-up of the robotic system in colorectal surgery.

The growth of robotic surgical procedures worldwide has been short of exponential over the past five years. Initially driven mainly by urologists for its role in prostectectomies, the technology has improved with each iteration of the system and as of present, the da Vinci Si and da Vinci Xi systems mark the latest in computer […]

Sleeve Gastrectomy


The twin epidemic of obesity and Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) continues to soar globally. Nationwide efforts geared towards primary prevention are underway, but it will be some time before a change is seen. However, for those who have been affected by these chronic diseases, a combination of lifestyle changes and medical therapy remains to be […]

Tummy Troubles


It is not uncommon to hear parents say, “My child is very fussy and cries excessively. Something must be wrong!” Common gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms like constipation, spitting up, excessive gas and colic are not unusual in young infants. Infant gastrointestinal development includes a varied combination of often age-dependent, recurrent symptoms not necessarily explained by physical/organic […]

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