Sight-threatening Eye Conditions

Doctor Checking Patient's Eyes

Recognising and preventing the problems If you were to do a random survey of the man-in-the-street and ask him which of his senses is the most important, nine out of ten will indisputably augur for sight. In fact, good vision is so important that in a paper published in the July 2008 issue of Archives […]

Through the Eyes of an Ophthalmologist


Eyesight is just one of the many things we human beings take for granted; that is, until we start to lose it. While short-sightedness, long-sightedness and astigmatism are fairly common conditions, the complete loss of eyesight can leave one in despair. According to Associate Professor Clement Tan, Head and Senior Consultant at the Department of […]

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)


Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an age-related disease, hence it is expected that as the ageing population increases in a society, so will the incidence of this condition. The percentage of the population aged more than 65 years in Singapore increased from 11.7% in 2013 to 12.4% in 2014.1 Studies have estimated that nearly 6.8% […]


Figure 1: Photo of the patient’s left optic disc demonstrating increased vertical cup-disc ratio and inferior notching with an increased beta-zone peripapillary atrophy. These signs strongly suggest glaucomatous optic neuropathy.

The ‘silent thief of sight’ In 1855, the concept of glaucomatous optic neuropathy as a “pressure excavation” was first described by a German named Adolf Weber, following the invention of the first direct ophthalmoscope mid-century.1 Glaucoma is a disease process characterised by progressive optic nerve damage and corresponding visual field loss. It may be further categorised […]

Helping Address Eye Care Needs of 2.5 Billion People Worldwide

On the 19th of May 2014 Essilor, the world’s leading ophthalmic optics company, announced the establishment of the Essilor Vision Foundation Limited in Singapore to help address the eye care needs of those who require but do not have access to vision correction. Launched in the presence of Singapore Minister for Environment and Water Resources […]

Infective Posterior Uveitides


Intraocular infections are one of the most feared conditions of the eye, not infrequently with devastating visual outcomes. The diagnoses can be often missed or misdiagnosed by Ophthalmologists as well as Physicians, especially those involving the posterior segment of the eye, including the retina, choroid, and retinal vessels. These are typically referred to as infectious […]

Age-related Macular Degeneration

Singapore is facing an epidemic of age-related visual loss from ocular conditions such as cataract, glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (AMD).1 The prevalence of AMD in Singapore among individuals 40 years and older is similar among the Chinese (7.3%), Malays (7.7%) and Indians (5.7%).2 As its prevalence increases with age, AMD is set to become […]

Diabetes-Related Eye Conditions


The incidence of both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is on the rise globally. Approximately, 90% are of Type 2 DM and 11% of the population in Singapore suffers from DM. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a microvascular complication of DM. Both the duration of diabetes and glycaemic control are independent risk factors […]

Diabetic Retinopathy


Diabetes mellitus has become a major epidemiological problem across the world. Considering the micro-vascular complications that affect almost all organs in the body, the management of these patients can involve multiple specialties.1 The eye is affected in a significant percentage of the patients and along with the kidney is an important cause of morbidity. Epidemiology […]

Changing our Mindset on Cataract Surgery


The word cataract comes from the white appearance of the water when it flows over at speed, as a waterfall would. Cataract of the eye forms when clear lens becomes cloudy with age. While there are other causes of cataract, the average patient in Singapore starts to develop the earliest sign of senile cataracts in […]

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