Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation in Children

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The fact that haematopoietic stem cells, when infused into a recipient whose bone marrow has been ablated by radiation mishaps or therapeutic chemoradiotherapy, can regenerate and repopulate the recipient’s haematopoietic system was an exciting discovery in the 1950s. The first successful case of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation was reported in 1968 from the University of […]

Infant Mental Health

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Myth or Fact? We can fix any damage done early with love and attention later We aren’t affected by experiences we had as tiny babies because we didn’t have language yet We can’t remember things that happened before we could talk These are common beliefs held by many. It’s the reason why parents think it’s […]

Netherlands: Eardrops Best Treatment for Ear Discharge in Children with Tympanostomy Tubes

Eardrops containing antibiotics and an anti-inflammatory agent are more effective than oral antibiotics or initial observation in the treatment of ear discharge in children with tympanostomy tubes. These are the findings from a trial conducted by the University Medical Centre (UMC) Utrecht, which was published in the New England Journal of Medicine. The investigators recommend […]

Paediatric Oncology

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Gone are the days when childhood cancer was a death sentence. Children diagnosed with cancer now have an 80% chance of being alive five years later, with childhood leukaemia having even better chances of survival and cure. Ten years ago, childhood cancer was still stigmatised with the words ‘relapse, palliation, and death’. Nowadays, childhood cancer […]

USA:New School Meal Standards Significantly Increase Fruit and Vegetable Consumption

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New federal standards launched in 2012 required schools to offer healthier meals. According to a new study conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) researchers, this has led to an increased fruit and vegetable consumption. The study, which is the first to examine school food consumption both before and after the standards went […]

Tasmania, Australia, and Finland: Passive Smoking Causes Irreversible Damage to Children’s Arteries

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According to a study published online in the European Heart Journal, exposure to passive smoking in childhood causes irreversible damage to the structure of children’s arteries. The thickening of the arteries’ walls associated with being exposed to parents’ smoke, means that these children will be at greater risk of heart attacks and strokes in later life. […]

Hydrocephalus in Children

Hydrocephalus can be defined as a disturbance of formation, flow or reabsorption of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that leads to an increase in volume of this fluid in the Central Nervous System (CNS). Another description of hydrocephalus is a hydrodynamic disorder of CSF. Significant advances have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of paediatric hydrocephalus, […]

Paediatric Allergic Rhinitis

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Allergic Rhinitis (AR) is an inflammatory disease of the nose and upper airways characterised by sneezing, rhinorrhoea, nasal congestion, and nasal itching. Initial diagnosis often takes place in the General Practice (GP) setting based on a description of symptoms (young children are not always good at describing) and response to treatment. AR should be distinguished […]

Hearing Impairment in Early Childhood

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Hearing Impairment in Early Childhood Causes, management strategies and implications of hearing loss in childhood development by Dr Annette Ang Good hearing in early childhood is imperative for the normal development of speech and language. It is often said that a speaking child is a hearing child. The window of neural development between birth and […]

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children

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Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children Criteria for therapy and care by Dr Ratna Sridjaja Pneumonia is the single greatest cause of death in children worldwide. Each year, more than two million children younger than five years of age die from pneumonia, representing approximately 20% of all deaths in children within this age group. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) […]

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